Unrecognized ethnic groups in China

Several ethnic groups of the People's Republic of China are not officially recognized. Taken together, these groups (Chinese: 未识别民族; pinyin: wèi shíbié mínzú) number more than 730,000 people; if considered as a single group, they would constitute the twentieth most populous ethnic group of China. Some scholars have estimated that there are over 200 distinct ethnic groups that inhabit China. There are in addition small distinct ethnic groups that have been classified as part of larger ethnic groups that are officially recognized. Some groups, like the Hui of Xinjiang with the Hui of Fujian, are geographically and culturally separate, except for the shared belief of Islam. Han Chinese, being the world's largest ethnic group, has a large diversity within it, such as in Gansu, whose Han individuals may have genetic traits from the assimilated Tangut civilization. Although they are indigenous to Hainan island and do not speak a Chinese language, the Limgao (Ong-Be) people near the capital (8% of the population) are counted as Han Chinese.

Notable unrecognized ethnic groups include:

English Name
Mandarin Pinyin
Simplified Chinese
Population Classified in census as ..... Territory Details
Ongkor Wēng kuò rén 翁阔人 20 Evenki Yining County, Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang It is said that Ongkor is the smallest ethnic group in China. The 1993 survey showed that there were only 20 people.
Aynu Ài nǔ rén 艾努人 10,000 Uyghur Moyu/Hetian/Luopu/Shache/Shule/Yingjisha Counties, Hotan Prefecture, Xinjiang They speak Aynu language (Karluk subfamily). Their dominant religion is Islam (Hanafi).
Keriya Kè lǐ yǎ rén 克里雅人 1,300 Uyghur Yutian/Minfeng County, Hotan Prefecture, Xinjiang The Keriya people are said to be descendants of the Tibet Aliguge dynasty. Another is said to be a desert indigenous people living here. The natural environment determines the life style of the Keriya people in the deep Taklimakan Desert. It still retains the simple and pure folk customs. Culture and a more primitive way of life. Most of them lived together for generations. The elderly at home are the most respected elders. The tribes rarely marry outsiders. They are called "the primitive tribes in the desert."
Tomao Tuō mào rén 托茂人 500 Hui Yanqi Hui Autonomous County, Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang and Zhidoi County, Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Distributed in Qinghai and Xinjiang, with its own unique customs, using Tomo language (a Mongolian mixed Arabic and Persian vocabulary)
Guge Gǔ gé rén 古格人 5000 Hui (Qinghai) and Tibetan (Yunnan/Tibet) Hualong Hui Autonomous County, Haidong Prefecture, Qinghai, Deqen/Weixi Counties, Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan and Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region It is distributed in Hualong Hui Autonomous County of Qinghai Province, Shangri-La, Deqin, Weixi County, and Lhasa City of Tibet Autonomous Region in the Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province. The Guge people are culturally coordinated and adapted to be compatible with and preserve multi-ethnic culture. Suddenly retain the characteristics of the Hui culture, forming a unique nation.
Kangjia Kāng jiā rén 康家人 500-600 Hui Jainca (Jianzha) County, Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai The Kangjia people s has its own language, Kangjia language. It belongs to the Mongolian language group of the Altaic language group. The lifestyle is mixed with the Hui and Tu nationalities. Therefore, the Kangjia peoples now consider themselves to be an independent nationalities, which is not the same as the surrounding people.
Manmi Màn mī rén 曼咪人 1000 Blang Jinghong County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Manmi people have their own language, Man Met which belongs to the Mon-Khmer (Austroasiatic) language group, and the Manmi people's housing, costumes, religious beliefs, and festivals are similar to the Yi people, but the ethnic group is classified as the Blang ethnic group. Now, Manmi people hope to be counted as an independent nation.
Kunge Kūn gé rén 昆格人 1656 (338 households) Blang Jinghong County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan The custom of the Kunge is different from that of the general Blang. The unique special day has the Dragon and the Dragon Festival. The Dragon Column is an iron festival. The time is in the solar calendar in February. During the festival, you must kill the cows, burn the bonfire, and worship the ancestors.
Bajia Bā jiǎ rén 八甲人 1500 Blang and Yi Yu'a/Yucha Township, Menghai County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Distributed in Menghai County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province. Those who mixed with Blang are being classified as Blang peoples while those who unmixed are being classified as Yi peoples (this happened on 2011 after approval by Chinese National Civil Affairs Commission and the Yunnan Provincial Government).
Akha Ā kǎ rén 阿卡人 6000 Hani Jinghong/Jinghan/Qilong town (Jinghong County), Bulangshan town (Menghai County) and Qilun town (Mengla County), Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan The Akha claimed to be "over gram", and Akha was the name of the Yi people (meaning "slaves").
Laopin Lǎo pǐn rén 老品人 233 (in 52 households) May be classified as Dai Menghai County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan The Lao Ping ethnics call themselves "old products", also known as "card products." Old people retain their own language, such as eating for "Tangza", housing for "crowding", and fluent slang. The old-fashioned housing is a Chinese-style bungalow. A unique original religion, with temples and godless statues, is held every year in the whole village.
Laomian Lǎo miǎn rén 老緬人 233 (in 52 households) Lahu Menghai County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan The Laomian has nothing to do with the Burmese. The Laomian people is a cross-border ethnic group distributed in the border areas of China, Thailand, Myanmar, and Laos. In China, Laojia Dazhai in Zhutang Township of Mula County and Miaohai Village in Menghai County of Mianhai County are the main settlements.
Bisu Bì sū rén 毕苏人 6000 Some are classified as Lahu while those who live in Menghai County are counted as "undistinguished nationalities" Menghai County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan
Muxi Mù lǎo rén 木佬人 30000 Yi Majiang/Kaili/Huangping (Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture), Duyun/Fuquan (Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture), Guizhou and Chun'an County, Zhejiang Their language Muyu language belongs to the Kra language group, close to the proverb, but because he is close to Gelao they are being classified into the Yi.
Caizu Cài zú rén 菜族人 170 (in 32 households) Han Unknown
Chuanqing Chuān qīng rén 穿青人 670000 Han Liupanshui/Zhijin County, Bijie Prefecture, Guizhou The Chuanqings, however, view themselves as a distinct people group. Most of them live in Anshun area of Guizhou province. Other locals call the Chuanqings "Da Jiao Ban" (Big Foot) or "Da Xiuzi" (Big Sleeves). Uniquely, they worship a god called Wuxian (五显).
Caijia Cài jiā rén 蔡家人 40000 Han or Bai Guizhou Caijia people's language is said to be relative of Bai language.
Longjia Lóng jiā rén 龍家人 >500000 Han, Bai, and Bouyei Anshun Prefecture, Guizhou They are not same with Bai of Yunnan.
Mojia Mò jiā rén 莫家人 20000 Bouyei Libo County, Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou They speak Mak language (Kam-Sui)
Lemo Lēi mò rén 勒墨人 7000 Bai and Lisu Lushui County, Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan They are results of intermarriage between Tai Mao (Dehong Dai/Shan) and Lisu peoples.
Deng Chēng rén 僜人 2000 May be classified as Tibetan Zayu County, Linzhi (Nyingchi), Tibet Autonomous Region They speak various Mishmi languages (including Kaman/Miju and Idu Mishmi language).
Ya Yá rén 崖人 5000000 Zhuang Baise, Guangxi
Limin Lǐ mín rén 里民人 100000 Li Anshun/Qianxinan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou They are not descendants of Li people of Hainan. In fact, they are part of Chuanqing people.
Bunu Bù nǔ rén 布努人 400,000 Yao Guangxi
Mang Mǎng rén 莽人 568 Blang Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan
Pakan Bù gēng rén 布赓人 2,000 Yi Wennan, Xiqiao. Wenshan, Yunnan
Tuvans Tú wǎ rén 图瓦人 3,900 Mongolians Far north of Xinjiang[1] Only around 2,000 Tuvan speakers left.

See also


  1. ^ Pirkko Suihkonen; Lindsay J. Whaley (15 December 2014). On Diversity and Complexity of Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia. John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 340. ISBN 978-90-272-6936-2.

External links

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