Velar ejective stop

Velar ejective stop
IPA Number109 + 401
Entity (decimal)k​ʼ
Unicode (hex)U+006B U+02BC
Audio sample

The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩.


Features of the velar ejective:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz акы/aky [akʼə] 'one'
Adyghe Temirgoy шкӏэ/šč̣ǎ About this sound[ʃkʼa]  'calf'
Shapsug кӏьэ/č̣yė About this sound[kʲʼa]  'tail' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
Archi[1] кIан/k'an [kʼan] 'bottom'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[2] կեղծ/kekhts [kʼɛʁt͡sʼ] 'false' Corresponds to tenuis [k⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
Chechen кӀант/khant [kʼɑːnt] 'boy'
English[3][4] Non-local Dublin[5] back [bakʼ] 'back' Allophone of /k/ for some speakers.[5]
Northern English[6][7][8][9] Pre-pausal allophone of /k/ for some speakers;[6][8] may be somewhat palatalised.[6] See English phonology
Southern English[5][6][7][8]
Scottish[10] Occasional word-final allophone of /k/.[10]
Georgian აბა/k'aba [kʼaba] 'dress'
Haida ttsanskkaagid [tsʼanskʼaːkit] 'beams'
Hausa ƙoƙari [kʼòːkʼɐ̄ɾī] 'effort'
Kabardian Baslaney кӏьапсэ/kl'apsè About this sound[kʲʼaːpsa]  'rope' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
K'iche' k'ak' [kʼaːkʼ] 'new'
Lezgian кIир/k'ir [kʼir] 'fang'
Navajo k'os [k'òs] 'cloud'
Ossetian Iron къона/khona [ˈkʼonä] 'hearth'
Digoron дзæкъолæ/dzækholæ [d͡zəˈkʼoɫə] 'bag'
Quechua k'aspi [kʼaspi] 'stick'

See also


  1. ^ "The Archi Language Tutorial" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  2. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)
  3. ^ Wells & Colson (1971:3)
  4. ^ "Ejectives in English | Linguism | Linguistics, Pronunciation and Phonetics". 21 August 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Glossary". Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d "John Wells's phonetic blog: ejectives in English". 8 December 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  7. ^ a b Cruttenden (2008:167)
  8. ^ a b c Wells (1982:261)
  9. ^ Gimson (1970:34)
  10. ^ a b McCarthy & Stuart-Smith (2013)


  • Cruttenden, Alan, ed. (2008), Gimson's Pronunciation of English (7th ed.), London: Hodder, ISBN 978-0340958773
  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • Gimson, Alfred C. (1970), An Introduction to the pronunciation of English, London: Edward Arnold
  • Wells, John C.; Colson, Greta (1971), Practical Phonetics, London: Pitman, ISBN 0-273-43949-9
  • Wells, John C. (1982), Accents of English I: An Introduction, Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-29719-2

External links

This page was last updated at 2021-06-30 15:28, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari