Willem de Pannemaker

Willem de Pannemaker (ca. 1510 – 1581), was a notable Flemish tapestry creator from the 16th century. He was the head of the Pannemaker tapestry workshop, was considered the greatest tapestry creator for his time, and is most well known for his works for the Habsburgs.[1]


Pannemaker was born ca. 1510 in Brussels to Pieter de Pannemaker, who was the head of, and most well known of the Pannemaker family tapestry workshop in Flanders.[2] After training under his father, Willem eventually became the most renown tapestry weaver in Europe during his time, and had many of his pieces purchased by the Habsburg court during the 1540's and 1560's.[2][3] He was particularly inspired by Raphiel in his pieces.[1] One of his most well-known pieces is the Conquest of Tunis. He died in 1581.[3]

Known Works

The first work in the series "Conquest of Tunis." This piece, known as "The Map of the Mediterranean Basin", includes the first depiction of a tornado in European media.
  • Conquest of Tunis - Created after designs by Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen depicting the 1535 Conquest of Tunis by Charles V. It is notable for including one of the first European depictions of a tornado.[4] Pannemaker was entrusted with creating the tapestries in 1548 for the court of Charles V, and completed the 8-part series in 1554. The series was later considered to be the most important piece of art within the court shortly after its creation.
"The Bridal Chamber of Herse", from The Wedding of Mercury series. Design attributed to Giovanni Battista Lodi da Cremona (Italian, active 1540–52) after a print by Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Italian, Parma or Verona ca. 1500/1505–1565 Krakow. Border design attributed to Giovanni Francesco Penni (Italian, Florence ca. 1496–after 1528 Naples).
"November" from The Months of Lucas
  • The Months of Lucas - The series is named after Lucas van Leyden, a sixteenth-century artist believed to have designed it. It depicts scenes from the out-of-doors lives of nobles and peasants during the twelve months in twelve pieces.[5]
  • Christ Appearing to Mary Magdalene (Noli Me Tangere) - Created between 1540/45. The design is likely from either Michiel Coxcie or Giovanni Battista Lodi da Cremona.[6]


  1. ^ a b c "Prado Museum Exhibits Tapestry Series by Willem de Pannemaker". artdaily.com. Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  2. ^ a b "Pannemaker". Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias. Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  3. ^ a b "The Loves of Mercury and Herse. A Tapestry Series by Willem de Pannemaker - New". Museo Nacional del Prado. Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  4. ^ Hoinka, Klaus P.; de Castro, Manuel (2005-04-01). "A Renaissance Depiction of a Tornado". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 86 (4): 543–552. doi:10.1175/BAMS-86-4-543. ISSN 0003-0007.
  5. ^ "Joslyn Art Museum Omaha Nebraska | Art Museum, Art Classes Omaha Nebraska | Entertainment Omaha". www.joslyn.org. Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  6. ^ "Willem de Pannemaker". The Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved 2019-04-15.

Further reading

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