wanweipedia

Wiru language

Wiru
Witu
Native toPapua New Guinea
RegionIalibu-Pangia District,
Southern Highlands Province
EthnicityWiru
Native speakers
(15,300 cited 1967, repeated 1981)[1]
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3wiu
Glottologwiru1244
ELPWiru
Wiru language.svg
Map: The Wiru language of New Guinea
 The Wiru language
 Trans–New Guinea languages
 Other Papuan languages
 Austronesian languages
 Uninhabited

Wiru or Witu is the language spoken by the Wiru people of Ialibu-Pangia District of the Southern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea.

There are a considerable number of resemblances with the Engan languages, suggesting Wiru might be a member of that family, but language contact has not been ruled out as the reason. Usher classifies it with the Teberan languages.

Pronouns

Trans–New Guinea–like pronouns are no 1sg (< *na) and ki-wi 2pl, ki-ta 2du (< *ki).

Vocabulary

The following basic vocabulary words are from Franklin (1973,[3] 1975),[4] as cited in the Trans-New Guinea database:[5]

gloss Wiru
head tobou
hair pine; píne
ear kabidi
eye lene
nose timini
tooth kime
tongue keke; keké
leg kawa
louse nomo; nomò
dog tue
pig kaì
bird ini; inì
egg mu̧
blood kamate
bone tono
skin kepene
breast adu
tree yomo; yomò
man ali
woman atoa; atòa
sun lou; loú
moon tokene
water ue; uè
fire toe
stone kue; kué
name ibini; ibíni
eat nakò; one ne nako
one odene
two takuta; ta kutà

Evolution

Wiru reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[6]

  • ibi(ni) ‘name’ < *imbi
  • nomo ‘louse’ < *niman
  • laga ‘ashes’ < *la(ŋg,k)a
  • tokene ‘moon’ < *takVn[V]
  • mane ‘instructions, incantations’ < *mana
  • keda ‘heavy’ < *ke(nd,n)a
  • mo- ‘negative prefix’ < *ma-

References

  1. ^ Wiru at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ New Guinea World, Tua River
  3. ^ Franklin, K.J. "Other Language Groups in the Gulf District and Adjacent Areas". In Franklin, K. editor, The linguistic situation in the Gulf District and adjacent areas, Papua New Guinea. C-26:261-278. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1973. doi:10.15144/PL-C26.261
  4. ^ Franklin K.J. 1975. Comments on Proto-Engan. In S.A. Wurm, Ed. New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study: Papuan languages and the New Guinea linguistic scene. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, pp. 263-275.
  5. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  6. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.

Further reading

External links

  • Timothy Usher, New Guinea World, Witu

This page was last updated at 2021-07-24 20:41, update this pageView original page

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