Zuwara Berber

Native toLibya
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
Tunisia-Zuwara Berber Map.PNG
Berber-speaking areas belonging to Kossmann's "Tunisian-Zuwara" dialectal group

Zuwara Berber or Twillult language (also: Zuara, Zwara, (Berber name: Twillult, ⵝⵡⵉⵍⵍⵓⵍⵝ) is a Berber dialect, one of the Berber Zenati languages. It is spoken in Zuwara city, located on the coast of western Tripolitania in northwestern Libya.

Several works of Terence Mitchell, notably Zuaran Berber (Libya): Grammar and texts,[2] provide an overview of its grammar along with a set of texts, based mainly on the speech of his consultant Ramadan Azzabi. Some articles on it were also published by Luigi Serra.[3]

The speakers refer to their specific variety of the language as twillult /t.ˈwil.lult/ ‘the language of Willul’, and the word "Mazigh" /ˈma.ziʁ/ may refer both to the wider Amazigh language or to any Amazigh person. [4]. Unusually for a Berber idiom, the masculine form is used to refer to the language.

Ethnologue treats it as a dialect of Nafusi, though the two belong to different branches of Berber according to Kossmann (1999).[5]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tunisian-Zuwara Berber". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Terence Frederick Mitchell, Zuaran Berber (Libya): Grammar and Texts, Rüdiger Köppe: Köln 2009
  3. ^ Serra, L., 'Testi berberi in dialetto di Zuara', Annali dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli, NS, 14, 1964 : 715-726.
  4. ^ Gussenhoven, C. (2018). Zwara (Zuwārah) Berber. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 48(3), 371-387. URL : http://gep.ruhosting.nl/carlos/zwara_zuwarah_berber.pdf
  5. ^ Maarten Kossmann, Essai sur la phonologie du proto-berbère, Rüdiger Köppe:Köln, pp. 28, 32

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