[Portal] Iran

The Iran Portal

Welcome to Iran's Portal
به درگاه سرزمین ایران خوش آمدید
The Coat of arms of Iran.

Emblem of Iran
Iran's map

Iran, (Persian: ايران‎, Īrān; pronunciation: [iːˈɾɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ايران‎, transliteration: Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān), formerly known internationally as Persia, is a country in Western Asia. The 18th largest country in the world, Iran is approximately the size of the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Germany combined and has a population of over 82 million people. Iran borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, to the north-west, Russia and Kazakhstan through the Caspian Sea to the north, Turkmenistan to the north-east, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and Turkey and Iraq to the west. In addition, it borders the Persian Gulf, an important oil-producing area, and the Caspian sea. Shi'a Islam is the official state religion and Persian the official language. The political system of Iran comprises several intricately connected governing bodies and is based on the 1979 Constitution. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently served by Ali Khamenei.

Iran has one of the oldest histories in the world, extending more than 5000 years, and throughout history, Iran has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia. Iran is a founding member of the UN, NAM, OIC, OPEC, and ECO. Iran as a major regional power occupies an important position in the world economy due to its substantial reserves of petroleum and natural gas, and has considerable regional influence in Western Asia. The name Iran is a cognate of Aryan and literally means "Land of the Aryans."

Selected article

Zack Snyder, director of 300

300 is a 2007 film adaptation of the graphic novel of the same name by Frank Miller, and is a fictionalized retelling of the Battle of Thermopylae. The film is directed by Zack Snyder while Miller served as executive producer and consultant. The film was shot mostly with a super-imposition chroma key technique, to help replicate the imagery of the original comic book. Spartan King Leonidas (Gerard Butler) and 300 Spartans fight to the last man against Persian 'God-King' Xerxes (Rodrigo Santoro) and his army of more than one million soldiers. As the battle rages, Queen Gorgo (Lena Headey) attempts to rally support in Sparta for her husband. The story is framed by a voice-over narrative by the Spartan soldier Dilios (David Wenham). Through this narrative technique, various fantastical creatures are introduced, placing 300 within the genre of historical fantasy. 300 was released in both conventional and IMAX theaters in the United States on March 9, 2007, and on DVD, Blu-ray and HD DVD on July 31, 2007. The film broke box office records, although critics were divided over its look and style. Some acclaimed it as an original achievement, while others criticized it for favoring visuals over characterization and its controversial depiction of the ancient Persians.

Selected picture

Avicenna Mausoleum
Credit: Aryobarzan

Avicenna Mausoleum in Hamedan.

In this month


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Selected biography

Razi was the preeminent pharmacist and physician of his time.
Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi was a versatile Islamic philosopher who made fundamental and lasting contributions to the fields of medicine, chemistry (alchemy) and philosophy. He is credited with, among other things, the discovery of sulfuric acid, the "work horse" of modern chemistry and chemical engineering; and also of alcohol and its use in medicine. Razi was a prolific writer, having produced 184 books and articles, in several fields of science. According to historian Ibn an-Nadim, Razi distinguished himself as the best physician of his time who had fully absorbed Greek medical learning. As a medical educator, he attracted many students of all levels.

In the news

Wikinews Iran portal
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10 December 2019 – Iranian involvement in the Syrian Civil War
Satellite images spot a tunnel system being dug at Imam Ali military base in eastern Syria, which is controlled by the Iranian military; Western intelligence believe the tunnels are being constructed to house their missiles. (Fox News)
7 December 2019 – Iran–United States relations
In an act of cooperation that is rare in recent years, Iran releases Princeton PhD candidate Wang Xiyue while the United States releases stem cell researcher Massoud Soleimani in a prisoner exchange. Both U.S. President Donald Trump and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif thank the Swiss government for facilitating the swap. (Reuters)
4 December 2019 – Syrian Civil War, Iran–Israel proxy conflict
An Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps weapons depot in Abu Kamal District, Deir ez-Zor Governorate, Syria, is hit by an airstrike. Arab media say Israel is behind the attack. The United States denies any involvement. (Ynet) (Haaretz)
4 December 2019 – Iran–United States relations, Iran and weapons of mass destruction
The Pentagon says the United States Navy's USS Forrest Sherman (DDG-98) intercepted a vessel in the Arabian Sea last month and seized advanced missile parts that were of Iranian origin. The crew were handed over to the Yemen Coast Guard, while the missile parts are in the possession of the United States military. (Reuters)
27 November 2019 – 2019 Iraqi protests
Iraqi protesters storm and set fire to the Iranian Consulate General in Najaf. (Reuters) (Al Jazeera)
25 November 2019 – Iran–Israel relations, Iran–Saudi Arabia relations, Iran–United States relations, 2019 Iranian protests
Head of the Revolutionary Guards Hossein Salami delivers a televised speech toward Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United States and those who are protesting against the government in which he says "We will destroy you" if they cross Iran's red line. (Haaretz) (The Washington Post)

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Selected quote

Where are your valiant warriors and your priests? Where are your hunting parties and your feasts? Where is that warlike mien, and where are those? Great armies that destroyed our country's foes? . . . Count Iran as a ruin, as the lair of lions and leopards! Look now and despair!


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This page was last updated at 2021-04-20 14:18, update this pageView original page

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