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[Portal] Visual arts

THE VISUAL ARTS PORTAL

Introduction

The visual arts are art forms such as painting, drawing, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, photography, video, filmmaking, design, crafts, and architecture. Many artistic disciplines such as performing arts, conceptual art, textile arts also involve aspects of visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the visual arts are the applied arts such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.

Current usage of the term "visual arts" includes fine art as well as the applied or decorative arts and crafts, but this was not always the case. Before the Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, the term 'artist' had for some centuries often been restricted to a person working in the fine arts (such as painting, sculpture, or printmaking) and not the decorative arts, craft, or applied art media. The distinction was emphasized by artists of the Arts and Crafts Movement, who valued vernacular art forms as much as high forms. Art schools made a distinction between the fine arts and the crafts, maintaining that a craftsperson could not be considered a practitioner of the arts.

Selected image

Twilight in the Wilderness by Frederic Edwin Church
Credit: Artchive

Frederic Edwin Church, whose Twilight in the Wilderness is shown here, was a central figure in the Hudson River School of American landscape painters.

Selected article


Footprint of the Buddha. 1st century, Gandhara.
Buddhist art originated on the Indian subcontinent following the historical life of Gautama Buddha, 6th to 5th century BCE, and thereafter evolved by contact with other cultures as it spread throughout Asia and the world.

Early Buddhist art, followed the Indian aniconic tradition which avoids direct representation of the human figure. Around the 1st century CE an iconic period emerged lasting to this day which represents the Buddha in human form.

Buddhist art followed believers as the dharma spread, adapted, and evolved in each new host country. It developed to the north through Central Asia and into Eastern Asia to form the Northern branch of Buddhist art, and to the east as far as Southeast Asia to form the Southern branch of Buddhist art. In India, Buddhist art flourished and even influenced the development of Hindu art, until Buddhism nearly disappeared in India around the 10th century due in part to the vigorous expansion of Islam alongside Hinduism.


Selected quote


When I've painted a woman's behind so that I want to touch it, then it's finished!
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Vollard, Ambroise (1925). Renoir: an initimate record. Translated by Van Dooren, Harold L.; Weaver, Randolph T. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 57. OCLC 631984646.


Selected biography

Three Maiko posing on an engawa, c. 1885. Hand-coloured albumen silver print.
Adolfo Farsari (11 February 1841 – 7 February 1898) was an Italian photographer based in Yokohama, Japan. Following a brief military career, including service in the American Civil War, he became a successful entrepreneur and commercial photographer. His photographic work was highly regarded, particularly his hand-coloured portraits and landscapes, which he sold mostly to foreign residents and visitors to the country. Farsari's images were widely distributed, presented or mentioned in books and periodicals, and sometimes recreated by artists in other media; they shaped foreign perceptions of the people and places of Japan and to some degree affected how Japanese saw themselves and their country. His studio – the last notable foreign-owned studio in Japan – was one of the country's largest and most prolific commercial photographic firms. Largely due to Farsari's exacting technical standards and his entrepreneurial abilities it had a significant influence on the development of photography in Japan.


Major topics

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Visual arts

Architecture | Ceramic art | Comics | Crafts | Design | Drawing | Illustration | Film | Glass | Graphic design | Industrial design | Landscape architecture | Multimedia | Painting | Photography | Pottery | Printmaking | Public art | Sculpture | Typography | Mosaic


Artists | Art awards | Artist collectives | Art collectors | Art critics | Art curators | Art exhibitions | Art forgery | Art history | Art materials | Art schools | Artistic techniques | Conservation and restoration


Art by country | Art genres | Art movements | Women artists


To display all subcategories click on the "►":
Visual arts(33 C, 56 P)
Art by city(14 C)
Art by location(4 C)
Art by religion(9 C, 1 P)
Art by subject(52 C, 2 P)
Arts by ethnicity(5 C)
Art genres(76 C, 203 P)
Art media(60 C, 102 P)
Works of art(40 C, 7 P)
Lists of visual art topics(8 C, 24 P)
Art by animals(1 C, 8 P)
Art criticism(8 C, 32 P)
Art awards(15 C, 77 P)
Visual arts bibliographies(3 C, 2 P)
Business of visual arts(4 C, 24 P)
Art competitions(1 C, 4 P)
Art conferences(8 P)
Art education(13 C, 48 P)
Art exhibitions(16 C, 78 P)
Art history(42 C, 154 P)
Indigenous art(9 C, 11 P)
Visual art journals(1 C, 15 P)
Art libraries(6 P)
Art magazines(20 C, 119 P)
Art materials(23 C, 105 P)
Art and design organizations(15 C, 26 P)
Sociology of art(1 C, 1 P)
Artistic techniques(15 C, 163 P)
Art terminology(4 C, 23 P)
Visual arts theory(1 C, 26 P)
Art therapy(1 C, 21 P)
Works about visual art(4 C, 4 P)
Art stubs(23 C, 387 P)

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