[Portal] Glossary

This is a glossary of terms commonly used on Wikipedia. For a shorter and simpler glossary aimed at readers rather than editors, see Help:Glossary.

For abbreviations often used in edit summaries, see Wikipedia:Edit summary legend. For common shorthands used in Articles for Deletion (AfD), see the Wikipedia:Guide to deletion. For a list of common abbreviations used within Wikipedia see Wikipedia abbreviations. For common abbreviations and slang phrases outside Wikipedia, see Appendix:English Internet slang. See also Wikipedia:Manual of Style (abbreviations), Wikipedia:WikiProject Glossaries, and List of acronyms. For other useful directories and indexes, see Wikipedia:Directory. For the use of terms in articles, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Words as words.


: – en:, de:, es:, fr:, ja:, etc.
The English-, German-, Spanish-, French-, Japanese-, etc.-language Wikipedia. For a full list of codes, see ISO 639. For a full list of Wikipedias, see List of Wikipedias or m:List of Wikipedias.
The character ø is sometimes used in edit summaries to indicate a null edit.
"Is not equal to". This usage comes from the relational operator in such languages as C.
A response to a proposal, e.g. support or oppose, but in a Wikimedia context where the consensus-seeking decision process does not normally lead to a tally and a majority would not be binding. The expression is read as "not-vote", and imitates the use of the exclamation point to mean 'not' in many programming languages. See also Wikipedia:Polling is not a substitute for discussion and the essay Don't vote on everything.
Used in edit summaries to show minor addition to text.
Used in edit summaries to show correction of odd minor error.


Voluntary or imposed zero-revert rule. See Wikipedia:Revert only when necessary § Zero-revert rule.
Voluntary or imposed (sometimes by ArbCom) one-revert rule. See also Wikipedia:Revert only when necessary § One-revert rule.
Voluntary or imposed two-revert rule.
Abbreviation for three-revert rule.
Abbreviation for Five pillars of Wikipedia.


Abcdise, ABCDise, Abcdize, ABCDize
Term sometimes used in edit summaries to indicate that the edit was to sort list or other items into alphabetical order.
In featured content promotion discussions, all objections to promotion must be actionable—that is, it must be possible to make changes (or "actions") so the specified problem can be resolved. For example, objecting on the basis that the citations need improvement is actionable because it is possible to make improvements in this area: more and better citations can be added, the citation style and syntax can be improved, etc. An example of an unactionable objection is that the topic is too controversial; Wikipedia editors can do nothing to change how controversial the topic is.
Short for Administrator. A user with extra technical privileges for "custodial" work on Wikipedia – specifically, deleting and protecting pages, and blocking abusive users.
The articles for creation project which reviews some articles created via the Article wizard.
The Wikipedia:Articles for deletion page. The AfD of an article refers to the discussion wherein Wikipedians consider whether an article should be kept or deleted. See Wikipedia:Guide to deletion for explanation of some terms used on AfD.
Abbreviation for "assume good faith", a guideline whereby one should not assume an unwanted or disputed edit was done maliciously. See also Hanlon's razor.
Abbreviation for "Administrator intervention against vandalism", a place and procedure for notifying Wikipedia administrators about chronic vandalism.
Abbreviation for "Wikipedia:Administrators' noticeboard", a discussion location for Wikipedia administrators.
Abbreviation for "Wikipedia:Administrators' noticeboard/Incidents", where Wikipedia administrators discuss issues which may or may not need urgent administrator attention.
An HTML term for code that lets you link to a specific point in a page, using the "#" character. You can use them to link to a section of a page, e.g., Wikipedia:How to edit a page#Links and URLs.
Abbreviation for "anonymous user". As a user does not necessarily lose his or her anonymity by registering or logging in, this term should be avoided. See IP user.
Abbreviation of Wikipedia:Article of the week, the former appellation of Wikipedia:Collaboration of the week.
ArbCom, Arbcom, ARBCOM
Abbreviation for Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee.
The final step in the dispute resolution process. See also Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee (ARBCOM).
Short for arbitrator – a member of the Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee.
A subpage of a talk page to which some parts of the discussion are transferred, to reduce the size of the Talk page. Rarely, the term may refer to the Wikipedia:Historical archive page, for outdated historical material. See also: Help:Archiving a talk page.
An encyclopedia entry. All articles are pages, but there are also pages that are not articles, such as this one. See also Wikipedia:What is an article.
Used only as a verb, astroturfing refers to attempts at creating the impression of a grassroots movement by the use of sock puppets and meat puppets to make an idea, poll, article, or deletion discussion seem to have more support than it actually has; alternatively, the practice of making entries on sites such as Wikipedia to make an idea seem to have more support. In effect, a technique for "stacking the deck".
The former Audit Subcommittee. Monitors and oversees CheckUser and Oversight use, and handles complaints concerning use of those privileges. Dissolved in 2016.
A newly registered user is still subject to some of the same restrictions as anonymous users – for example, inability to move articles or edit semi-protected pages, although some restrictions, such as the restriction on anonymous users creating pages, are lifted. When a user is autoconfirmed, these restrictions end. Currently, a new user must make ten edits and wait four days to be autoconfirmed.
Wikipedia:AutoWikiBrowser, a semi-automated Wikipedia editor.


Abbreviation for Wikipedia:List of bad article ideas.
Bad faith nomination
A bad faith nomination is the nomination of a page, or more pages (usually for deletion at AFD) for disingenuous reasons such as making a point or vandalism.
Balancing the Main Page
Copy editing the content on various Main Page sections so the text on both the left Today's featured article/Did you know column and the right In the news/On this day column are roughly about equal ("balanced"), so there are no large blank spaces at the bottom of either column. Depending on the circumstances, this may also involve temporarily posting an additional hook or event onto one of the Main Page sections, beyond what the maximum number is stated on that particular section's guidelines.
Banning is the last-resort action by which someone is prevented from editing Wikipedia for a certain length of time, limited or unlimited. Typical reasons for banning include a long history of biased edits (violation of NPOV), persistent adding of incorrect or doubtful material, refusal to cooperate with others, or extreme incivility and threats. Banned users are not necessarily blocked; however, it is one mechanism to enforce a ban. Any username or IP judged to be the same person can be blocked without any further reason. See also: Block.
A banner is a template that is placed across the top of any page to indicate the page's type, details about its maintenance, etc. Banners are usually created using the mbox family of templates. They are often specifically linked to a WikiProject to indicate that the article or category falls within the jurisdiction of that project, but may also be related to article maintenance or protection. "Banner" may also simply mean the administrator who bans a troublesome editor.
A placeholder name. See Foo.
Barnstars are a light-hearted system of awards given to Wikipedian editors by other editors to acknowledge good work or other positive contributions to Wikipedia. They take the form of an image posted to an editor's talk page, usually in the form of a five-pointed star. There is a wide variety of different types of barnstar, each indicating a different reason for the award having been given.
The Ban Appeals Subcommittee, where users formerly could appeal against their ban (or long-term block) after all other appeal processes have failed for them.
base name
A base name is an undisambiguated article title.
Be Bold, be bold, BOLD, WP:BOLD
The exhortation that users should try to improve articles and fix mistakes themselves by editing, rather than complain about them. See Wikipedia:Be bold in updating pages.
A reference to the essay on not warning people to do things they wouldn't have thought of doing (it just gives them ideas): Don't stuff beans up your nose.
Bit, the bit, admin bit
Most often refers to an account being given the administrator rights. When a user "gets the admin bit" they have just become an administrator. Also known as a "flag" or the "admin flag". See also: mop. See Wikipedia:User access levels for further information.
Being impolite or worse to a newcomer to Wikipedia. Also seen in the forms bite, biter, and bitten. From the guideline name, Wikipedia:Don't bite the newcomers and its shortcut, WP:BITE. Related to Wikipedia:Assume good faith and Wikipedia:Welcoming committee.
Abbreviation for Wikipedia:Bad jokes and other deleted nonsense, a now-inactive page. The verb, BJAODNed, refers to the act of something being posted on the page with that name, and was often used at Wikipedia namespace articles involving heavy user participation, such as the Reference desk or AfD/TfD pages.
Removing all content from a page. Newcomers often do this accidentally. On the other hand, if blanking an article is done in bad faith, it is vandalism. Newcomers often mistake blanking for deletion. If someone wants their new article removed, they should simply add {{db-g7}} or {{delete}} to it and an administrator will delete the page.
Action by an administrator, removing from a certain IP address or username the ability to edit Wikipedia. Usually done against addresses that have engaged in vandalism or against users who have been banned – see Wikipedia:Blocking policy. See also: Ban.
Abbreviation for Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons—official Wikipedia policy, whereby articles about living people must be handled with great care.
Blue link, bluelink
A wikilink to an article that already exists shows up blue (or purple if it has been recently visited by that reader/editor). See also Sea of blue, red link, and WikiProject Red Link Recovery.
A one-sentence summary of a recent news item for ITN.
Boilerplate text

A standard message which can be added to an article using a template. For example, {{stub}} is expanded to the following:

See Boilerplate (text).
A program that automatically or semi-automatically adds or edits Wikipedia-pages. See Wikipedia:Bots, Rambot, Vandalbot.
Bold, Revert, Discuss. A commonly-cited explanation of Be Bold saying that the process is to make changes boldly, revert unhelpful changes, and discuss any disagreements rather than edit war by repeatedly counter-reverting.
Broken link
A link to a nonexistent page, usually colored red, depending on your settings. May also refer to dead links. See also: edit link, red link, and Wikipedia:Red link.
Broken redirect
Redirect to a non-existing page. Common opinion is that these should be removed.
To update the posted WP:ITN item with newly available information and bring it higher (bump) among other items accordingly.
A Wikipedia Administrator who has been entrusted with promoting users to Administrator status. See also Crat, Wikipedia:Bureaucrats.
NOT:Wikipedia is not a bureaucracy.


Sometimes assumed to be a secretive organization responsible for the development of Wikipedia or for clandestinely enforcing certain ways of editing one disagrees with. The word is commonly used as a sarcastic hint to lighten up when discussions seem to become a little too paranoid. Discussions involving the term may have links to POV / NPOV issues, admin problems, or pretty much anything to do with the foundation of Wikipedia. The term TINC ("There Is No Cabal") is occasionally encountered, used humorously in such a way as to suggest that maybe there is a cabal after all. The term is comparable to the use of the term SMOF in science fiction fandom. See also m:Cabal, There Is No Cabal, Wikipedia:Mediation Cabal, WP:CABAL.
CamelCase (camel case or camel-case)—originally known as medial capitals—is the practice of writing compound words or phrases in which the elements are joined without spaces, with each element's initial letter capitalized within the compound and the first letter is either upper or lower case—as in "LaBelle", BackColor, or "McDonald's". See also Wikipedia:CamelCase and Wikipedia.
The inappropriate canvassing technique of attempting to sway the person reading a notification message about an ongoing discussion, through the use of tone, wording, or intent.
Canvassing, WP:CANVAS
Canvassing is the inappropriate notification of a community discussion with the intention of influencing its outcome. Canvassing is considered disruptive since it compromises the consensus building process. Canvassing comes in various types, including campaigning, votestacking, and spamming. See Wikipedia:Canvassing.
Cat, cat.
"Category" or "categorize". Often pluralized as "cats" or "cats."
A category is a collection of pages automatically formed by the Wikipedia servers by analyzing category tags in articles. Category tags look like this: Category:Computers. The part after the ":" is the name of the Category. Adding a category tag causes a link to the category page to go to the bottom of the tagged page and results in the page being added to the category listing, also called category page. A list of basic categories to browse through can be found at Category:Main topic classifications.
Category declaration, category tag
A category name placed at the bottom of any page and the wiki-syntax of doing this. Pages are placed into categories by the use of the category declarations. Some people refer to category declarations as category tags. A category declaration looks like [[Category:Foo bar]] where foo bar is name of the category and serves as the title of the category page.
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. Wikipedia's articles are released under this license. See also Wikipedia:Copyrights.
Contributor copyright investigations.
Current date and time.
The Wikipedia:Categories for discussion page (previously known as Wikipedia:Categories for deletion).
Category for merging.
Category for renaming.
A term used for articles which seem to present their content in the manner of a casual conversation with the reader. Chatty articles may need cleanup.
An access level with which a user can see the IP addresses of logged-in users, usually to determine if someone is using sockpuppets to violate policy. Currently granted only to certain members of the Arbitration Committee and some other trusted users.
A subpage or (more often) subcategory. Compare Parent.
Child article
An article which is one of two or more articles related in a hierarchical fashion, and subsidiary to another article known as the parent article. The article Causes of World War II is a child article of World War II. See Summary style.
Competence Is Required. An essay commonly cited to point out that even well-intentioned editors (see Assume Good Faith) can be disruptive if they frequently get things wrong.
Circular reference
A reference which cites another page within Wikipedia which in its turn cites the first one. See "Circular reference". Often circular references create a logical fallacy. Another type of circular references is a wikilink in some page to a page which is a redirect to the first one. While mostly harmless, the latter ones are useless and annoying. See also: Self-link.
Circular redirect
Also called self-redirect. A redirect which wikilinks back to itself, either directly or via a chain of redirects. A special case of circular reference.
Citation WP:CITE
A descriptive string which uniquely identifies a source of information (book, article, webpage, etc.) for the purpose of verifying article content. Synonym: reference. (Wikipedia usage differs from standard English, which is more akin to quotation.) See also: footnote.
Citing sources.
Cats, lists, boxes.
Cleanup, cl
The process of repairing articles that contain errors of grammar, are poorly formatted, or contain irrelevant material. Cleanup generally requires only editing skills, as opposed to the specialized knowledge that is more often called for by pages needing attention. See also: Wikipedia:Cleanup process.
Climbing the Reichstag
A humorous way of indicating that an editor has over-reacted during an argument such as an edit-war in order to gain some advantage. This has similar consequences to – and is as unwelcome as – WP:POINT (qv). See also: Activities of "Fathers for Justice", Wikipedia:No climbing the Reichstag dressed as Spider-Man.
Same as XNR.
Acronym for Wikipedia:Conflict of interest.
Acronym for Wikipedia:Conflict of interest noticeboard.
Comment out
To hide from normal display whilst retaining the material for editors to see. This is done by inserting the characters <!-- at the start of the comment text and --> at the end. These character strings are used to delimit comments in HTML code.
Wikimedia Commons is an online repository of free-use images, sound and other media files.
Community Portal
One of Wikipedia's main pages for editor communication. It can often be found linked to on the sidebar (on the left side in most skins), and is a page that lists important notices, the collaboration of the week, outstanding tasks that need to be addressed, and several other useful bits of information and resources. The Community Portal is useful for picking an article or topic to work on or read.
Consensus, WP:CON
The mechanism by which all decisions on Wikipedia are nominally made. Not the same as a "majority vote" (cf Polling is not a substitute for discussion) nor unanimity.
Container category
A category which is intended to contain only subcategories, and have no articles (other than perhaps a Key article) placed in it. An example would be Category:American architecture by state.
Contribs, contributions
Edits in wikipedia, supposed to be useful, unlike vandalism. See Help:User contributions.
See Editor.
Convenience links
Links to unofficial copies of reliable sources (not to the original publisher) in addition to a formal citation of the reliable source. Has the advantage over books, paid websites, and websites that need registration of easy accessibility. Sometimes disputed because of violations of copyright, linking to partisan websites, possible distortions or those reliable sources, or because it may contain comments on the reputable sources that other editors do not like.
A change to an article that affects only formatting, grammar, and other presentational aspects. See also Wikipedia:Basic copyediting.
Copyvio, CopyVio, copy vio, copyviol
Copyright violation. Usually used in an edit summary when deleting copyrighted material added without complying with Wikipedia copyright verification procedures. See also CV, Wikipedia:Copyrights.
Collaboration of the week, an article needing improvement that is selected by vote to be the subject of widespread cooperative editing for a week.
Court of law in Trenton, New Jersey
Often mentioned on noticeboards as a humorous response to legal threats. A reference to a vandal from 2006.
Short for Bureaucrat.
Cross-namespace redirects
A redirect which links from one type of namespace to another. Examples include words in the article namespace which redirect to project pages in the Wikipedia namespace. Although they are not considered standard practice, some are created to facilitate searching, especially for new users. See also XNR, CNR, Wikipedia:Namespace and Wikipedia:Cross-namespace redirects (essay).
A somewhat dismissive term used to describe an article or group of articles that are too focused on a specific topic, covering it in too much detail for a general encyclopedia. The term is often used as a suffix for terms such as Fancruft (cruft articles, usually about fictional subjects, significant only to a specific group of fans) and Listcruft (crufty list articles). Cruft articles are often on topics such as minor characters from television series, or very specific lists of songs (such as "List of songs which includes the word 'death' in the lyrics"). Cruft is often deleted or merged into other articles by the Wikipedia community.
WikiProject Countering systemic bias or, more rarely, an adjective for a topic of concern to the WikiProject, e.g., "This does not seem to be a CSB article." Systemic bias is the tendency for Wikipedia articles to be biased towards a European or American view of things, simply because most editors are European or American.
Criteria for speedy deletion, a policy detailing the circumstances when articles etc. can be removed from Wikipedia without discussion. Also lists the templates needed to nominate something for speedy deletion.
On a user's list of contributions, (current) indicates that the article has not been edited by anyone else since the user last edited it.
Current version
The (current version) of a page is the page as it is normally seen. Other versions exist in the page history and can be viewed and permalinked but do not normally show in searches.
Cut-and-paste move, cut and paste move, cut 'n' paste move, cut-n-paste move, etc.
Moving a complete page by taking the text of the page, and putting it into the edit window for the second page. Usually done by novices to rename a page. The correct way of page renaming is the 'Move page' option. Cut-n-paste move is generally a bad idea because it splits the edit history of the page. Cut and paste moves can be fixed by administrators. See also Wikipedia:How to fix cut and paste moves.
CV, cv
Abbreviation of Copyvio.
Computer and video games.


Dab, WP:D
Abbreviation of Disambiguation (or disambiguate[d]) (from the Wikipedia:Disambiguation shortcut WP:DAB).
To convert (typically a redirect) into a disambiguation page.
Dablink, DAB link, etc.
1. Abbreviation of "disambiguation link"; a link that leads to a disambiguation page.
2. To disambiguate a link within the text of a page.
3. A link at the top of an article to one or more other articles with similar titles (a hatnote), or the addition of such.
DAB page, dab page
Same as disambiguation page.
Data dump
To import material from outside sources into Wikipedia without editing, formatting and linking (Wikifying). This is frowned upon by most Wikipedians, and is often a copyvio.
Db, DB
1. An abbreviation for "delete because". Almost all templates that are used to request speedy deletion according to the procedure have this prefix (e.g., {{db-advert}}, {{db-nonsense}}, {{db-band}}. See also Speedy.
2. Wikipedia's database.
Dead-end page
A page that has no links to existing other pages, except interlanguage links. Special:Deadendpages lists them, but this function is disabled in some Wikimedia projects for performance reasons.
See Desysop.
To remove a phrase's bold typeface, because it is not the first reference to the title or a synonym of the topic (which should be bold), or because it is not the topic of the article at all. Common situations when one would de-bold include: bold foreign words (should instead be italicized) and bold Wikilinks (which, according to current Manual of Style, should be plain). See also un-bold.
Deleted edit
An edit that is no longer listed in an editor's contributions because the page has subsequently been deleted.
Someone who actively attempts to delete pages that others prefer to keep. Deletionism is the idea that Wikipedia should be selective in the topics it covers and should remove articles that do not meet certain standards. Often used as a derogatory term. The term 'inclusionist' for the opposite party is less used. See also m:deletionism, m:inclusionism, and Deletionism and inclusionism in Wikipedia.
Delrev, DRV
Abbreviation for Deletion review.
Deorphan, De-orphan
To make a page no longer an orphan. See also Wikipedia:Orphan.
1. Techie-speak for "tolerated in or supported by a system but not recommended (i.e., beware: may well be on the way out)".
2. The term is also used to refer to pages, templates or categories that have been orphaned or are no longer used.
3. In non-technical English, the word means, "deplored or strongly disapproved of".
Abbreviation for "description". Often used in edit summaries.
The destination of a name is the page or section to which it takes the reader in the main namespace. If the page by that name is a redirect, then the redirect target is the destination. Otherwise (typically if the page is an article or a disambiguation page) the page itself is the destination.
Take away someone's sysop (Administrator) status. Used very rarely, in cases where someone has voluntarily elected to resign such status, or is judged to have misused their admin powers. See also Wikipedia:Requests for de-adminship.
Developer, dev
Usually capitalized. A user who can make direct changes to Wikipedia's underlying software and possibly also the database, often being one of the MediaWiki developers (see next definition) or other Wikimedia Foundation technicians. Technically, it is the highest user access level, but Developer privileges are generally only used at request. Sometimes referred to by other terms such as "system administrators" or "sysadmins", to distinguish from MediaWiki developers. See also m:Developers for a list of developers and further information.
Usually not capitalized. One of the developers of the MediaWiki software; often but not always a Wikipedia Developer (in the above sense).
De-wikify, dewikify
To remove (de-link) some of the wikification of an article. This can be done to remove self-references or excessive common-noun wikification (also known as the sea of blue effect).
Dicdef, dictdef, dic def, dic-def
Short for a dictionary definition. This term is commonly used on Wikipedia:Articles for deletion when referring to an article that is more similar to a dictionary article than an encyclopedia one. Usually a reason for transwikifying to Wiktionary. See also Wikipedia:Wikipedia is not a dictionary.
The difference between two versions of page, as displayed using the Page history feature, or from Recent Changes. The versions to compare are encoded in the URL, so you can make a link by copying and pasting it – for instance when discussing a change on an article's talk page.
Disambiguation, disambig
The process of resolving the conflict that occurs when articles about two or more different topics have the same natural title. See also dab.
Disambiguation page, DAB page, dab page
A page that contains various meanings of a word, and refers to the pages where the various meanings are defined. In cases when there is a prevailing meaning of the term, disambiguation pages are named "subject (disambiguation)".
Disambiguator, disambiguation tag
The extra text added to an ambiguous base name to form an unambiguous article title.
DMCA takedown request
A filing to the Wikimedia Foundation asking them to remove an image or other content from Wikimedia on the grounds that it constitutes a copyright violation and the host has responsibility for that under the U.S.'s DMCA law.
Double redirect
A redirect which leads to another redirect. Counterintuitively, this will not bring one to the final destination, so it needs to be eliminated by linking directly to the target redirect. Double redirects are generated when moving a page that has redirects leading to it. See also Repoint.
See the duck test.
Short for a duplicate article. Often used when identifying a duplicate page that needs to be merged with another.
See Delrev.
An abbreviation for Template:Did you know.


EC, ec, e.c., Ec, (e/c), etc.
Edit conflict, or WP:Extended confirmed.
Edit conflict
Also, rarely "edconf". Appears if an edit is made to the page between when one opens it for editing and completes the edit. The later edit does not take effect, but the editor is prompted to merge their edit with the earlier one. Edit conflicts should not be confused with edit wars.
A humorous term for having an unhealthy obsession with the number of edits that a person makes to Wikipedia, usually applied to one trying to make as many edits as possible. Often cited on Requests for Adminship regarding people who judge people on sheer edit count rather than personal merit.
Edit creep, editcreep, edit-creep
The tendency for high quality articles to degrade over time. Articles usually achieve good article or featured article recognition because a small core of people knew the subject well and researched it carefully. Subsequently, new readers continue to alter the page. The average contribution may weaken the piece through bad copyediting, poor syntax, recitation of popular misconceptions, or giving undue weight to a subordinate topic. (By way of analogy to scope creep.)
Edit link
See Broken link.
Edit summary
The contents of the "Summary:" field below the edit box on the "Edit this page" page.
Anyone who writes or modifies Wikipedia articles. That includes you. Other terms with the same meaning: contributor, user.
Edit war
Two or more parties continually making their preferred changes to a page, each persistently undoing the changes made by the opposite party. Often, an edit war is the result of an argument on a talk page that could not be resolved. Edit wars are not permitted and may lead to blocks. Sometimes termed "revert war", see also the three revert rule.
Short for "encyclopedic" or "encyclopedic value". For example, used on featured pictures discussions.
An eponymous category is a category that has the same name as an article and vice versa. For example George W. Bush and the eponymous Category:George W. Bush. See also key article.
A page that consists of the generally accepted opinions of the authors, rather than verifiable fact.
External link, ext. ln., extlink, ext lk, EL, etc.
A link to a website not owned by Wikimedia. The alternatives are an internal link, wikilink or free link within Wikipedia, and an interwiki link to a sister project. See also Wikipedia:External links, Wikipedia:Spam.


Featured article, an article that has been selected as representing "the best of Wikipedia". Articles become featured articles when a FAC gets consensus for promotion.
Featured article candidate, an article that has been proposed for consideration to be featured as one of the best in Wikipedia.
See Cruft.
Featured article review, a process for the improvement or delisting of featured articles that may no longer meet the quality standards for "featured" status, either because the featured article criteria, the article's topic, or the article itself changed. The process begins with a discussion on the article's talk page. If the issues are not resolved, a user may list the article on FAR, where a discussion takes place to help identify and address areas where improvement may be needed. After the discussion, if no consensus emerges to keep the article featured, the review moves on to the next stage, featured article removal candidates (FARC). Here, the article's "featured" status is considered for removal.
An abbreviation for Files for discussion (previously Files for deletion, and before that, Images and media for deletion).
Free Image Search Tool, which will look for free images for articles, either manually listed or by category.
Float, floating
To add coding to a template, image, or other feature so that it appears in a specific position on the page. See Wikipedia:Picture tutorial § Thumbnails, Help:Table § Floating table, and Help:Section § Floating the TOC for examples.
A placeholder name, used to provide a generic example. Thus, "an article on the culture of Foo", means "an article on the culture of any of the places under discussion, or any that it may also apply to". When two placeholders are required, Bar is usually used as the second (e.g., "an article on the Foo of Bar"). See also Foobar.
A labeled string of text rendered at the bottom of an article page by the Wikimedia software, and linked to by one or more bracketed superscripts (usually numeric) in the running text of the article. Footnotes are generated by embedding the footnote text inside <ref> tags in the body of the article. When the text string is a citation, then it is called a citation footnote; otherwise an explanatory footnote. See Help:Footnotes.
Forest fire
A flame war which spreads, seemingly uncontrollably, beyond the pages where it began into unrelated articles' talk pages. A forest fire becomes progressively more difficult for any user to keep track of. On Wikipedia, this is less of a problem than on other wikis, due to well-established boundaries for user conduct, clear guidelines for article content, and a formal dispute resolution process. See also wildfire and MeatBall:ForestFire.
A splitting of an entity to satisfy different groups of people – in Wikipedia, this can either mean a project-wide split, in which a group of users decides to take a project database and continue with it on their own site (which is perfectly legal under the GFDL, and one of an editor's least disputed rights), or the split of an article, usually to accommodate different POVs. The latter is often called a POV fork and generally regarded as highly undesirable.
Format. Abbreviation commonly used in edit summaries to signify formatting of the page, or wikification.
Featured pictures, a picture that has been selected as representing "the best of Wikipedia". Pictures become featured pictures when a FPC gets consensus for promotion.
Featured picture candidate, a picture that has been proposed for consideration to be featured as one of the best in Wikipedia.
Free link
A link pointing to another page within Wikipedia or its sister projects by using the wiki markup double square-brackets "[[" and "]]". Sometimes they are referred to as wikilinks or internal links. Unless otherwise specified in a user's monobook.css, these links usually show up as blue if they are working and you haven't visited them before, red if they are broken, and purple if they are working and you have visited them before; note that they do not have the arrow symbol characteristic of an external link.
Friendly notices
A contributor who sends friendly notices as a means of canvassing appropriately must ensure that these neutrally worded notifications are sent to a small number of editors, intending to improve rather than to influence a discussion and while avoiding excessive cross-posting. See Wikipedia:Canvassing.
Full title
The base name of an article plus any disambiguators. For example, the full title of the article at top (clothing) is top (clothing), consisting of the base name top and the disambiguator (clothing). If there are no disambiguators, the full title is identical to the base name.


Good article. Hence GAN Good article nomination.
A gadget is a JavaScript tool that can be enabled from your Wikipedia preferences.
An edit war over which of several possible names should be used for a place. The word is a portmanteau of Gdańsk and Danzig, the two names about which a venerable edit war ensued. See talk page. In other namespaces the subject pages are the content pages as opposed to their talk pages.
Subpage, sub-page
A page connected to a parent page, such as Page name/Arguments. You can create subpages only in certain namespaces. Do not use subpages in the main article space. Contrast subarticle. See also Wikipedia:Subpages.
Subst, subst'ing
Short for "substituting" a template, which permanently copies its contents and breaks the link with the source template page. Contrast transclusion, a live updated reference to the source template page.
A very short stub article, typically only one sentence.
Succession box
A type of template, usually placed at the foot of an article, linking to articles on the immediate predecessors of and successors to the subject of the article. Thus, for example, an article on the tenth president of Foo would be linked by succession box to articles on the ninth and eleventh presidents. Compare Infobox.
Sockpuppet or Sockpuppetry, silly typo occasionally used esp. in deletion discussions to indicate that the page under discussion is of illegitimate origin and should be deleted
Suitly emphazi
A phrase with no known exact meaning, but which has a general allusion to positive things, such as improvement, or a request for clarification or elucidation. Originally started as an in-joke on the Wikipedia Reference desk. (See the original usage.)
Abbreviation for "Single user login", which refers to the process of unifying individual accounts with the same name across Wikimedia projects into one global account.
Summary style
Summary style is an editing guideline comprising an organizational approach for writing articles on topics that are too large to contain in a single article. Summary style calls for the creation of a hierarchy of articles, with the main topic, called the parent article, sitting at the top of a pyramid, with one or more child articles beneath it. An example is the topic World War II: this is represented in Wikipedia in summary style, with the parent article World War II at the top, and many child articles, such as Causes of World War II, Pacific War, and many others subsidiary to it. See Wikipedia:Summary style.
Super Mario Problem
A problem that arises during arbitration when conduct that would normally get a non-administrator banned only gets an administrator desysopped. It is named after the Super Mario Bros. video game: when Super Mario gets hit, he turns back into small Mario; when small Mario takes the same hit, he dies.
Scientific Wild-Ass Guess.
Sysop, Sys-op, Sys-Op
A less-used name for Administrator. See also Desysop.
Systemic bias
In Wikipedian terms, this refers to the preponderance of Wikipedia articles relating to subjects specific to English-speaking and/or Western countries, as opposed to those from the rest of the world. It may also refer to a bias for articles that may be of particular interest to those who have an affinity towards computers and the Internet, since they are more likely to edit Wikipedia. See also WikiProject Countering systemic bias.


1. A wiki template, in general.
2. Specifically, a template that will assign an article to a category (most often a stub template).
3. Specifically, a template applied to an article that indicates that it needs cleanup or that something about it is disputed.
4. Specifically, a template applied to a page that indicates that it has been nominated for deletion.
5. Specifically, a WikiProject banner template applied to a talk page.
6. Frequently: A category. Alternative for category declaration.
7. Verb: To apply any such template to a page, or to add a category.
8. An HTML element. See also Help:HTML in wikitext and Help:Table.
9. A mediawiki tag, brief message applied next to certain revisions by the software.
Talk page
A page reserved for discussion of the page with which it is associated, such as the article page. All pages within Wikipedia (except pages in the Special namespace, and talk pages themselves) have talk pages attached to them (accessed via the "Talk" link at the top).
Talk page stalker, TPS
A humorous term for an editor who involves themselves in discussions on other users' talk pages (often after a previous conversation with that user has left the page on the editor's Watchlist). TPS involvement should be constructive or humorous, and is distinguished from wikihounding.
Task force
A smaller group of editors in a WikiProject dedicated to a more specific field within the scope of the parent project. Task forces are located on WikiProject subpages. They generally have a less formal bureaucratic structure than full-fledged WikiProjects. See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Council/Guide/Task forces.
A type of infobox, a taxobox is a taxonomy table positioned at the right side of an entry for a species or organism (or for a genus or family), giving a chart of the kingdom, phylum, etc. of the creature. Taxoboxes are also used for similar standardized tables.
A way of automatically including the contents of one page within another page, used for boilerplate text, navigational aids, etc. See also: Wikipedia:Template namespace.
Templatise, Templatize
To delete a list or category and turn the contents into a template, usually either a navbox or infobox. Sometimes used in CFD discussions as shorthand for saying that "this group of articles would be better if presented in template form rather than as a category." See also: listify.
Test edit
Same as newbie test.
The Wikipedia:Templates for discussion page.
A talk page discussion, usually with more than two indented replies. May refer to either a complete second level section (i.e., a section with heading surrounded by ==) of posts as is defined by talk page archiving bots. For this type of thread, the age is the time interval from the most recent post to current time. It can also refer to an individual sequence of indented paragraphs.
Three-revert rule
A rule whereby no one is allowed to revert a single article more than three times in one day (with a few exceptions).
TLDR, tl;dr
Short for "Too long; didn't read". For example where a reply to a query is very long and detailed. See Wikipedia:Too long; didn't read.
Short for "there is no cabal". See Cabal.
Short for "template". Also the name of a specific template, {{tl}}, which provides a template link, i.e., links a page to a template without allowing the template's code to operate on that page.
The essay Wikipedia:Blow it up and start over, which states that a page that is hopelessly irreparable but could be useful can be deleted and replaced by a new one, or the action of carrying out its doctrine.
An article (or other page)'s table of contents, which lists the subsection headings within the page. This is usually close to the top left of the page, but may be placed at the top right, floated, or omitted entirely.
Same as (current)
A nomination of a group of related pages for deletion or renaming which fails due to the disparate nature or worth of the pages. The deletion process often becomes messy with editors wishing to keep some pages but delete or rename others. Usually the discussion is closed as a procedural "keep", with some or all the pages later nominated separately. See for example Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Warcraft character articles.
Transclusion is the inclusion of the content of a document into another document by reference. In Wikipedia, it is done by enclosing the pagename in brackets, e.g. Template:Nac is trancluded by typing {{Nac}}. Typically, transclusion uses the template functionality of MediaWiki to include the same content in multiple documents without having to edit those documents separately. See also Wikipedia:Transclusion costs and benefits.
The English-language Wikipedia should have only pages in English. Non-English pages, listed on Wikipedia:Pages needing translation into English, are subject to deletion unless translated. See also: Wikipedia:Translation for requests for translations into English of pages from foreign-language Wikipedias.
Move a page to another Wikimedia project, in particular Wiktionary, Wikibooks, or Wikisource. See also m:Transwiki and Wikipedia:WikiProject Transwiki.
Tranche Alpha
Said of Arbitration Committee members whose term does not expire in a given year and hence not up for re-election. Perhaps derived from french "wikt:tranche", to cut.
A user who incites or engages in disruptive behavior (trolling). There are some people who enjoy causing conflict, and there are those who make a hobby of it. However, these are few in number and one should always assume good faith in other editors. Calling someone a troll in a dispute is a bad idea; it has an effect similar to calling someone a Nazi – no further meaningful debate is likely to occur. See also m:What is a troll?
Trout, trout-slapping
A rebuke.
A small edit. See Tweaking.
A silly misspelling of typo. Used as an edit summary when correcting typos. See also Wikipedia:typo.
A contraction of typo and fix. Any other word may be used in the place of typo to form -fix words.


Usernames for Administrator Attention. A noticeboard at which clearly problematic usernames are raised to be dealt with.
umbrella nomination
A nomination (e.g., on CfD) that contains several items (e.g., categories) which are normally nominated individually. Can become a trainwreck.
See Actionable.
An article title without a disambiguator is said to be the undisambiguated title or base name. For example Joker (film) is a disambiguated title, while the title Joker is undisambiguated.
Saying that something is unencyclopedic to imply that it would not be expected to appear in an encyclopedia, and thus in Wikipedia. (One must remember however that Wikipedia is not a paper encyclopedia, and hence does not have the space limitations of a paper encyclopedia).
Unnecessary disambiguation
Adding a disambiguator to a basename in a title of an article when it is not necessary to disambiguate this title from other titles on WP, either because it is the only use of that basename as a title on WP, or because the article's subject is the primary topic for that basename.
Unregistered user
See IP user.
Going against the character of a Wiki. Usually, saying that something is "un-wiki" means that it makes editing more difficult or impossible.
Un-wikify, unwikify
Same as de-wikify.
A term frequently used on categories for discussion, it means "merge into parent category". In the case of stub types, this usually means to keep any associated template but to link it with the parent category rather than the category under discussion. In contexts such as WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals, creating an upmerged template means a stub template, only, feeding into a more general stub type.
A portmanteau of upmerge and rescope. See rescope.
See Editor.
A small box which is stored in the template space, and which includes a small piece of information about a user (such as "This user likes cheese"). Many users use userboxes on their user page, although some look down upon it. See also Wikipedia:Userboxes.
Wikipedia:Userfication is the process by which material posted in a Wikipedia article, project, or template space is moved into the user space: into a user page or subpage. A common case is where an inexperienced user who is not a notable person has created an article about himself/herself. The article would be deleted after userfying – moving its content to a user page.
User page
A personal page for Wikipedians. Most people use their pages to introduce themselves and to keep various personal notes and lists. They are also used by Wikipedians to communicate with each other via the user talk pages. The process of Registration does not generate user pages automatically. A user page is linked to as [[User:SomeUserNameHere|SomeUserNameHere]] and appears as SomeUserNameHere.
Userspace draft
A draft created in a user's "userspace".


One who engages in significant amounts of vandalism.
Some kind of bot being used for vandalism or spamming. Recognizable by the fact that one or a few IP-addresses make many similar clearly vandalistic edits in a short time. In the worst cases, these have created or vandalized hundreds of pages in several Wikipedias in a time span of only minutes. See also m:Vandalbot.
Deliberate defacement of Wikipedia pages. This can be by deleting text or writing nonsense, bad language, etc. The term is sometimes improperly used to discredit the views of an opponent in edit wars. Vandalism can be reported at Wikipedia:Administrator intervention against vandalism.
A no longer used tool for finding and removing vandalism. See also User:AmiDaniel/VandalProof.
Used to refer to the "Votes for deletion" page. Although this has been replaced with "AFD" (WP:AFD), you may still see the term in older talk pages.
Village pump
The main community forum of Wikipedia (found at Wikipedia:Village pump), where proposals, policy changes, technical problems and other internals are announced and discussed in front of a wider audience than a topic-specific page would have.
See !vote.
Votestacking WP:VOTESTACK
The inappropriate canvassing technique of attempting to sway consensus by selectively notifying editors who have or are thought to have a predetermined point of view or opinion, and thus encouraging them to participate in a discussion.
Shorthand for Village pump or for VandalProof.
Very respectfully (when signing a message).


Wall of text
An unusually long paragraph, presenting a solid block of text. Used in a negative sense, and most typically in the context of opinions in a discussion. See also Wikipedia:Too long; didn't read (TLDR, TL:DR, WP:TLDR).
Walled garden
A set of pages or articles that link to one another, but that aren't interlinked with the rest of the encyclopedia.
An editor who has a particular page on his or her watchlist. Example usage: "User:Jimbo Wales has over 3,000 watchers."
A set of pages selected by the user, who can then click on Watchlist in the links next to the user's username to see recent changes to those pages. See also Help:Watching pages.
Weasel words
Phrases such as "Some say that..." or "It has been argued..." which introduce a point of view without attributing it more specifically. See also Wikipedia:Neutral point of view § Attributing and substantiating biased statements.
Wheel war
A dispute between Wikipedia administrators who use the privileges of Wikipedia administrators (such as blocking) as weapons in an edit war. See also Wheel war.
Any website that allows the easy creation and editing of any number of interlinked web pages via a web browser using a simplified markup language. Wikipedia is the most well known example of a wiki.
A tool for searching past versions of a particular article for a particular string of text. Usually used to determine who added the string of text. It is an external tool, available at wikipedia.ramselehof.de/wikiblame.php or via the "Revision history search" link on the article's history page.
A Wikipedia sister project that works to develop free textbooks, manuals, and other texts online. Not to be confused with Wikipedia books (PDFs made of multiple articles), WikiProject Wikipedia-Books, WikiProject Books, or Wikipedia:Notability (books).
Wikibreak, wikivacation, Wikiholiday, Wiki-break, etc.
When a Wikipedian takes a break from Wikipedia.
See Wiki markup.
WikiCrime, wikicrime
An egregious case of or clear pattern of editing that violates Wikipedia policies, such as vandalism, spam, disruptive editing, tendentious editing, canvassing, hoaxing, adding unverifiable information, self-aggrandizement or promotion, removing well-sourced or adding unsourced information to suit personal biases, etc.
WikiFairy, Wikifaerie, Wiki-fairy, etc.
A Wikipedian who beautifies wiki entries by organizing messy articles, and adding style, color and graphics. The efforts of WikiFairies are normally welcome, though they do not necessarily create new articles or affect the substantive content of the articles they edit. WikiFairies are considered to be basically friendly, like WikiGnomes. See also WikiOgre.
Wikify, wfy, wikiize, wiki-ise, etc.
To format using Wiki markup (as opposed to plain text or HTML). It commonly refers to adding internal links to material (Wikilinks) but is not limited to just that. To wikify an article could refer to applying any form of wiki-markup, such as standard headings and layout, including the addition of infoboxes and other templates, or bolding/italicizing of text. Noun: wikification; gerund: wikifying; practitioner: wikifier. See also Wikipedia:How to edit a page, Category:Articles with too few wikilinks, Wikify project, Wikipedia:Guide to layout and Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Linking#Overlinking_and_underlinking.
WikiGnome, wikignome, Wiki-Gnome, wiki-gnome, etc.
A Wikipedian who makes minor, helpful edits without clamoring for attention or praise for what they did. See also WikiFairy, WikiOgre.
WikiHate, wikihate
Counterproductive editing attitude and behavior, especially tendentious, biased and personally antagonistic types of edit-warring.
The singling out of one or more editors, and joining discussions on multiple pages or topics they may edit or multiple debates where they contribute, in order to repeatedly confront or inhibit their work, with an apparent aim of creating irritation, annoyance or distress to the other editor. Note that editors can and do follow others in good faith with constructive intent; it is the manner and motivation which distinguishes wikihounding.
Attempting to inappropriately rely on technicalities in a legalistic manner with respect to Wikipedia:Policies or Wikipedia:Arbitration.
Wikilink, wl, internal link
A link to another Wikipedia page or to an anchor on the same page, as opposed to an external link. For policy, see Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Linking#Overlinking_and_underlinking and Wikipedia:Build the web. For mechanics, see Wikipedia:Canonicalization, Help:Section § Section linking, Help:Wiki markup § Links and URLs, and Wikipedia:Citing sources/Further considerations § Wikilinks to full references. See also free link and piped link.
WikiLove, wikilove
A general spirit of collegiality and mutual understanding among Wikipedians. The term pre-dates Wikipedia. WikiLove is achieved through wikiquette, civility, assumption of good faith about other editors, neutrality, respect for policies and guidelines, and calm editing and discussion.
Wiki markup, wikitext, wiki text, wiki-text, wikicode, wiki code, wiki-code, etc.
Markup-language code like HTML, but simplified and more convenient like a more powerful BBCode: for example, it uses three apostrophes on either site of text to create '''boldfaced text''' instead of <B>boldfaced text</B>.
Wiki markup is the source code stored in Wikipedia's database and shown in the edit box, and then rendered into HTML to appear correctly in a reader's internet browser. Searching by the Wikipedia software is done in the wikitext, as opposed to searching by external search engines, which is done in the resulting HTML. The size of a page is the size of the wikitext. See also Wiki markup, Help:Wiki markup, Wikipedia:How to edit a page, Wikipedia:Guide to layout.
Properly Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF), a non-profit organization that provides a legal, financial, and organizational framework for Wikipedia and its sister projects and provides the necessary hardware. Contrast MediaWiki.
WikiOgre, Wiki-ogre, wikiogre, etc.
A Wikipedian who makes large edits from time to time but generally keeps to WikiGnomery. See also WikiFairy.
Wikipediholic, Wikiholic
A Wikipedian who obsesses over the project to the point where interacting with Wikipedia becomes akin to a psychological addiction.
Wikipe-tan, Wiki-tan
One of the personifications of Wikipedia. She is the mascot character of various WikiProjects.
Wikipipe, see Pipe
Wikiportal, Wiki portal, etc.
Pages intended to be the main pages for readers and editors interested in a specific area of knowledge, helping them to find the information on the specific topic and, for editors, to be inspired to develop the articles connected with it. Such editors might want to join a related WikiProject. See also Wikipedia:Portal.
An active group of Wikipedia editors working together to improve a specific group of articles and files, usually those on one or more related topics. This often includes standardizing the content and style of the articles using an agreed upon standard format.
The members of a WikiProject might work to improve and maintain a Wiki portal of the same or related name.
The etiquette of working with others on Wikipedia. See also Wikipedia:Etiquette.
A Wikipedia sister project to create a free online collection of quotations.
Providing someone with the URL of a Wikipedia article when he or she expresses a lack of knowledge about a particular topic.
A Wikipedia sister project to create a free online compendium of primary source texts.
The Wikipedia namespace. See Wikipedia:Namespace § Pseudo-namespaces and Wikipedia:Shortcut directory (also known as WP:WP).
Articles or sections created to promote a product or meme. Spamming also includes adding extraneous or irrelevant links to promote an outside site, particularly for commercial purposes. No type of spamming is allowed on Wikipedia.
A Wikipedia sister project. It is a wiki-based, species directory that provides a solution to the problem that there is no central registration of species data in Wikipedia. Wikispecies provides a central, more extensive database for taxonomy. Wikispecies is aimed at the needs of scientific users rather than general users.
Wikistress, Wiki-Stress, wiki-stress, etc.
Personal stress or tension induced by editing Wikipedia, or more often by being involved in minor conflict with another editor. Some users maintain a Wikistress meter on their user page. See the Wikistress template, the Bosch Wikistress Meter, and Wikistress.
WikiTerrorism, wikiterrorism, WikiTerror, wikiterror
A melodramatic term for the act of purposely trying to damage Wikipedia on a large scale. It can be vandalism, but it could include trolling, edit warring, or anything that could disrupt Wikipedia on a large scale. WikiTerrorism could also be "blitzing" Wikipedia, or vandalizing several articles in rapid succession. Such actions should be reported immediately to administrators and will usually be blocked. Some may consider this term in bad taste or hyperbolic.
See Wiki markup.
Wiktionary, wikt., etc.
A Wikipedia sister project to create a free online dictionary of every language. Note that it is not spelled Wikitionary; there is no I between the K and the T.
See Wikimedia.
Wolf vote
A vote on Wikipedia which seems to be cast just to go against the flow. E.g., on RfA, this can typically be a vote such as "Oppose because x, y, and z are supporting." The opposite is called a sheep vote.
1. Common abbreviation for Wikipedia, especially for pages in the Wikipedia namespace. See also Wikipedia:Namespace § Pseudo-namespaces and WP:WP.
2. Also sometimes used as an abbreviation for WikiProject. See also WPP.
Abbreviation for WikiProject.


Generic term for the collection of deletion discussion pages such as MfD, AfD, CfD, RfD, FfD, et al. where the "X" stands in for Miscellany, Article, Category, Redirect, File etc.; "fD" stands for " for deletion" (or discussion in some cases).
Acronym for Cross-namespace redirects. Used mainly at Wikipedia:Redirects for discussion to emphasize for deletion. Sometimes given as CNR.
Abbreviation of "Cross-Wiki", used to describe something that is taking place on multiple Wikimedia sites because of a common source.

See also


  1. ^ Thesaurus.com. Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Philip Lief Group 2009. http://thesaurus.com/browse/in accordance with (accessed: December 22, 2010)]

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