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[Portal] Protection policy

Gold padlock Fully-protected
Brown padlock Permanent protection
Pink padlock Template-protected
Silver padlock Semi-protected
Blue padlock Create protected
Green padlock Move protected
Purple padlock Upload protected
White padlock Pending changes protected
Dark blue padlock Extended confirmed protected
Black padlock Protected by Office
Turquoise padlock Cascade protected

Wikipedia is built around/with the principle that anyone can edit it, and it therefore aims to have as many of its pages as possible open for public editing so that anyone can add material and correct errors. However, in some particular circumstances, because of a specifically identified likelihood of damage resulting if editing is left open, some individual pages may need to be subject to technical restrictions (often only temporary but sometimes indefinitely) on who is permitted to modify them. The placing of such restrictions on pages is called protection.

Protection can be applied to or removed from pages only by Wikipedia's administrators, although any user may request protection. Protection can be indefinite or expire after a specified time period.

The most commonly used types of protection are full protection, which means that a page can be modified only by administrators; and semi-protection, which means that a page can be modified only by users who are logged in and whose accounts have been confirmed (any account is automatically confirmed if it has existed for at least four days and has made at least ten edits). Other types of protection are detailed below. Protected pages are marked with a small padlock icon in the top right corner of the article page; different color padlocks represent different protection types, as shown in the images at the right. The template {{pp-protected}} is usually placed on protected pages to display the padlock. Even when protected, the source code (text) of the page can still be viewed and copied by any user.

Placing the mouse pointer over a padlock icon produces an informational tooltip saying "This article is protected." If the padlock template's 'reason' parameter is specified, the tooltip also says why the page is protected. If the 'expiry' parameter is specified, the tooltip says for what duration the page is protected.

This policy explains in detail the protection types and procedures for page protection and unprotection and the reasons for which protection should and should not be applied.

Overview of types of protection

The following technical options are available to administrators for protecting different actions to pages:

  • Edit protection protects the page from being edited.
  • Move protection protects the page from being moved or renamed.
  • Creation protection prevents a page (normally a previously deleted one) from being created (also known as "salting").
  • Upload protection prevents new versions of a file from being uploaded, but it does not prevent editing to the file's description page (unless edit protection is applied).

The following technical options are available to administrators for adding protection levels to the different actions to pages:

  • Semi-protection prevents the action by unregistered contributors and contributors with accounts that are not confirmed.
  • Pending-changes protection (only available for edit protection) means edits by unregistered and new contributors are not visible to readers who are not logged-in until the edits are approved by a reviewer or an administrator.
  • Extended confirmed protection, also known as 30/500 protection, prevents the action by users without 30 days' tenure and 500 edits on the English Wikipedia. It is applied to combat any form of disruption where semi-protection has proven to be ineffective. It should not be applied as a protection level of first resort. Its use is logged at the Administrators' noticeboard.
  • Template protection prevents the action by everyone except template editors and administrators (who have this right as part of their toolset).
  • Full protection prevents the action by everyone except administrators.

Any type of protection (with the exception of cascading protection) may be requested at Wikipedia:Requests for page protection. Changes to a fully protected page should be proposed on the corresponding talk page, and carried out by an administrator if they are uncontroversial or if there is consensus for them.

Except in the case of office actions (see below), Arbitration Committee remedies, or pages in the MediaWiki namespace (see below), administrators may unprotect a page if the reason for its protection no longer applies, a reasonable period has elapsed, and there is no consensus that continued protection is necessary. Editors desiring the unprotection of a page should, in the first instance, ask the administrator who applied the protection unless the administrator is inactive or no longer an administrator; thereafter, requests may be made at Requests for unprotection. Note that such requests will normally be declined if the protecting administrator is active and was not consulted first. A log of protections and unprotections is available at Special:Log/protect.

Interaction of Wikipedia user groups and page protection levels
  Unregistered or Newly registered Auto-confirmed, Confirmed Extended confirmed Pending changes reviewer*** Admin Appropriate for
None normal editing (can edit; changes go live* immediately) The vast majority of pages
Pending-protection-shackle.svgPending changes can edit but changes don't go live* until reviewer acceptance normal editing but if there are previous pending changes, no changes go live* until the pending changes have been reviewed normal editing**
and can accept pending changes
Infrequently edited articles with high levels of vandalism or BLP violations from unregistered and new users
Semi-protection-shackle.svgSemi cannot edit normal editing Articles with high levels of vandalism or edit warring from unregistered and new users; some highly visible templates & modules
Extended-protection-shackle.svgExtended confirmed cannot edit normal editing Specific topic areas authorized by Arbcom; pages subject to persistent disruption that semi-protection has failed to stop
Template-protection-shackle.svgTemplate cannot edit (unless Template editor, in which case normal editing) normal editing High-risk templates & modules
Full-protection-shackle.svgFull cannot edit Articles with persistent vandalism or edit warring from extended confirmed accounts; critical templates & modules
* "Go live" means the changes become visible to readers who are not logged in to Wikipedia. In all cases throughout this table, changes are immediately visible to readers who are logged in.
** When an administrator or pending changes reviewer edits an article that has pending changes awaiting review, they must review the pending changes in order for their own edit(s) to go live.
*** This column assumes that a pending changes reviewer is also extended confirmed. (A pending changes reviewer needs the separate extended confirmed right to edit through extended confirmed protection; in practice nearly all pending changes reviewers will have the extended confirmed right.)
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This page was last updated at 2021-03-30 06:38, update this pageView original page

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